The project focuses on the material components testifying to the changes in the political penetration and organization of the Upper Mesopotamian area during the second half of the second millennium BC. The two “case studies” are the core of the Mittani state in the Upper Mesopotamian piedmont and the Middle Assyrian territorial state that later expanded into the same region. The project asks how the hegemony of two differently structured polities became materialized in the objects, architecture and settlement patterns which constitute and demarcate political spaces.