Mobility in Western and Middle Asian archaeology has been all too often conceptualized in analogy to modern mobile groups, mainly pastoral nomads. In this paper, I discuss mobilities on both shorter and longer terms than seasonal rhythms of migration. Amongst the issues I consider are potential motivations to move such as fissioning, life cycle events, ecological reasons and others. I address methodological problems and refer to evidence from several 6th and 5th millennium sites in southeastern Turkey, the highland of Iran and southern Turkmenistan.